WADA – World Anti-Doping Agency
Montreal, 5 October 2018 – Today, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) published its 2017 Annual Report, which outlines the Agency’s achievements that have led to a strengthened WADA and global anti-doping system. Under the title Looking Back and Moving Forward, the Annual Report is an important element of WADA’s commitment to accountability and transparency.
In November 2016, WADA’s Foundation Board (Board) reached consensus on a series of recommendations aimed at strengthening the Agency as the global regulator for anti-doping worldwide. On the basis of these recommendations, WADA immediately took key measures and established strategic priorities to guide its activities for 2017 and beyond. This Report demonstrates how the Agency is performing against these priorities and how we continue to move forward together with our partners.
WADA President Sir Craig Reedie said: “While our actions related to compliance, investigations, science, education, data protection and other priorities are enhancing WADA’s capacity to deliver clean sport, two of the most crucial decisions of the November 2017 and May 2018 Board meetings were agreements to increase the Agency’s 2017 budget of USD 29.7 million by 8% for 2018 and 2019-2022 respectively. We view this as clear recognition of WADA’s increasingly important mission and mandate; and, a vote of confidence in the Agency’s ability to carry them out. WADA is grateful for these increases from its Government and sports stakeholders, which will go a long way towards increasing WADA’s scale, speed and reach in carrying out its core activities.”
At the end of 2017, WADA employed 98 people from its headquarters in Montreal, Canada; and, its regional offices in Cape Town, South Africa; Tokyo, Japan; Lausanne, Switzerland; and, Montevideo, Uruguay. Together, the WADA team collaborates day-in and day-out with our global partners to preserve the integrity of sport and uphold the values of fair play.
In keeping with our sustainability efforts, the Report is only being published online.
Montreal, 27 September 2018
Further to a media release of 16 May and our follow up communications of 25 May and 7 September, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and the Fonds de recherche du Québec (FRQ) are pleased to announce a new deadline of 5 October for targeted research project proposals on the application and impact of artificial intelligence in the area of anti-doping.
To submit proposals, research teams must create an account, and complete the necessary via the WADAGrants platform. To be eligible, teams must contain at least one member that is based in Quebec.
Nairobi, 27 September 2018 – The World Anti-Doping Agency’s (WADA’s) Intelligence and Investigations (I&I) Department delivered the report from its Kenya Project taskforce in Nairobi today in collaboration with the Anti-Doping Agency of Kenya (ADAK) and the Athletics Integrity Unit (AIU).
The two-day meeting is the latest initiative being implemented by WADA’s I&I Department following the launch in December 2016 of a full-scale investigation, known as the Kenya Project, into widespread doping in the East African nation, as revealed by whistleblowers and media reports. WADA and the AIU set up the project, which was focused primarily on distance running, with the view to developing a multi-stakeholder network equipped to tackle the problem. This week’s meeting was an opportunity to bring together all stakeholders for the first time for discussions while also affording WADA investigators the opportunity to update them on progress made to date.
The project’s objectives were twofold: firstly, to understand the doping practices of Kenyan athletes with the view to identifying those involved, at all levels; and secondly, to develop a multi-stakeholder network to better tackle Kenyan doping. The main targets of the investigation were:
Elite and sub-elite distance runners residing or training in Kenya and competing internationally.
Associated coaches, support staff, chaperones, doctors and ancillary medical staff.
Kenyan sporting officials (where there was a credible link to corruption or other serious crime).
The summary project report, which has now been published on the WADA website, made a number of key conclusions:
The doping practices of Kenyan athletes are unsophisticated, opportunistic, and uncoordinated and there is no evidence of an institutionalized system.
Based on the substances detected, Kenyan athletes most commonly use nandrolone and EPO.
Athletes in Kenya are insufficiently educated on doping and/or willfully blind as to the consequences of doping.
The role of local medical practitioners and quasi-medical personnel (e.g. chemists) is highly relevant to the accessibility of prohibited substances to athletes and their entourages.
Some local medical practitioners and quasi-medical personnel are unaware and/or willfully blind to their role in facilitating the access of athletes and their entourage to prohibited substances.
The benefits of the “substantial assistance” provisions of the World Anti-Doping Code (Code) are vastly underutilized by Kenyan athletes who are caught for doping.
In attendance at the meeting this week were representatives from Athletics Kenya, the Kenyan Ministry of Sports, the Kenyan Pharmacy and Poisons Board, the Kenyan Sports Disputes Tribunal, local law enforcement, INTERPOL, the Africa Zone V Regional Anti-Doping Organization and a number of interested National Anti-Doping Organizations (NADOs). The NADOs present included those from Norway and the United Kingdom, which have been helping ADAK build its infrastructure and have previous experience dealing with cases involving Kenyan athletes. Importantly, this was the first time these groups had met in one place to discuss doping in Kenya.
WADA Director of Intelligence and Investigations Gunter Younger said: “We take the doping practices in Kenya very seriously and have been working hard to identify their extent and nature in Kenyan athletics as well as trying to work out the best possible response.
“A meeting such as this, which includes all parties involved in that response, is a very important next step. We believe that a strong, unified, multi-stakeholder approach is key to advancing clean sport in Kenya. Doping in the country is different from other doping structures discovered elsewhere in the world and, as such, it requires a different approach. What we have determined is that doping in Kenya is not sophisticated or organized and does not appear to be institutionalized.
“What is needed is a multi-pronged solution. That is why in response to the issues discovered, we have established a network led by AIU and ADAK that will collaborate, educate, investigate and prosecute cases. The project itself is now concluded but really the work is just beginning. If our recommendations are implemented, Kenya Project will have led to better education of athletes and medical practitioners, a greater investigative capacity for ADAK, an active whistleblower network and, ultimately, a stronger anti-doping program in Kenya.
“ADAK cannot do this on its own. It will take the full cooperation and involvement of a range of other groups, including law enforcement, athletes and their representatives, government bodies and Athletics Kenya. I would like to thank our colleagues from the AIU and ADAK who will be leading this response on the ground and, with our assistance and continued support, will bring the fight to the dopers.”
Head of the AIU Brett Clothier said: "We thank WADA’s I&I team for launching this project and bringing it forward to this important milestone. Kenya is a great and justly proud athletics nation, but it now has a serious doping problem. The reasons for this are complex and there are no easy solutions but the AIU is dedicated to working with our partners in Kenya and improving the situation.
“Currently, Kenyan athletes make up 22% of the AIU out-of-competition testing program and at least the equivalent amount of time in our investigations and intelligence team. The AIU funded the establishment of a new blood laboratory in Nairobi. We are putting a lot of time and resources into anti-doping in Kenya.
“We are not just interested in making cases but gaining a deep understanding so that we can find real and lasting solutions to meet Kenya’s unique challenges. We are pleased to say that in addition to our partnership with WADA, we now believe we have genuine partners in Kenya who are going to be part of these solutions. Athletics Kenya and ADAK are working closely with us and making significant contributions to the fight against doping in athletics.”
CEO of ADAK Japhter Rugut said: “Kenya is privileged to be the world’s first country to host this kind of forum and this strengthens our position as a sporting powerhouse. In addition, we believe in concerted effort in the fight against doping and it is for this reason that we welcome our partners to share with us how well we can cooperate in the sensitive area of intelligence and investigations to ensure that we promote clean sport.
"This meeting has definitely motivated us as we continue to fulfill our strategic mandate. We are particularly grateful to WADA for the pivotal assistance in the fight against doping considering that we are a young NADO. We view this opportunity as a good launching pad for us to continue revamping our anti-doping strategies especially now that we have a WADA-approved laboratory in the country.”
Among those present to ensure the athletes were represented and heard at the meeting was Chair of the National Olympic Committee of Kenya’s Athletes Commission and former international rugby player Humphrey Kayange.
Kayange, who is also a biochemist, said: “This is an important day for clean sport in Kenya and it is great to see the level of cooperation that already exists between the key stakeholders. In the first instance, we need to ramp up the education of athletes and their entourages so that ignorance and willful neglect of responsibilities are reduced.
“It is great that athletes’ voices are being heard in this process and we advocate the setting up of improved testing and investigating procedures in Kenya so that those who choose to cheat are caught and brought to justice. Clean athletes deserve to know they are competing on a level playing field.”
During the meeting, the Kenya Project taskforce presented its findings and insights gained to date. There was an update from AIU regarding its ongoing work in Kenya; the work of external Anti-Doping Organizations in Kenya was explained; there was an update on ADAK investigations; and an update from INTERPOL on its Project Energia, which is an initiative supported by WADA to help member countries understand and combat the trafficking of performance-enhancing drugs through targeted criminal analysis.
In order to strengthen cooperation and plan for future collaboration in this area, I&I has also set up operational meetings on Friday between interested participants where ongoing cases can be discussed and strategies developed.
Montreal, 21 September 2018 – Yesterday, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) issued a media release related to the reinstatement of the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) as compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code (Code), subject to strict conditions.
Meeting in the Seychelles upon the invitation of the National Sports Council of the Seychelles, WADA’s Executive Committee (ExCo) primarily focused on this key decision. However, the ExCo also took other important decisions related to Signatory compliance with the Code, science and medicine, and other matters.
As it relates to compliance, given that the underlying condition triggering the potential non-compliance of the International Boxing Association (AIBA), namely RUSADA’s non-compliance, was removed, the ExCo approved WADA’s independent Compliance Review Committee’s (CRC’s) recommendation that no further action be taken against AIBA in respect of the awarding of its 2019 Men's World Championships to Sochi, Russia. AIBA was, however, reminded of its obligation, moving forward, to comply scrupulously with the requirements of the new Article 20.3.11 of the Code.
The ExCo also approved the CRC recommendation to give four months, starting yesterday, to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s Anti-Doping Committee (DPRK ADC) to correct its outstanding non-conformities. If the DPRK ADC fails to meet that deadline, WADA will make it automatically non-compliant without the need for further decision by the ExCo.
Science and Medicine
The ExCo approved the 2019 Prohibited List of Substances and Methods (List), which will be published by 1 October 2018 and come into effect on 1 January 2019. While the amendments from the current List are minimal, every effort will be made to ensure that the changes are clearly communicated via numerous channels to stakeholders.
The ExCo also approved the re-accreditation of the South African Doping Control Laboratory (SADoCoL) in Bloemfontein. The SADoCoL’s WADA accreditation had been suspended in 2016 due to non-compliances with the WADA External Quality Assessment Scheme. Since then, the laboratory successfully completed the required technical and administrative steps of the accreditation process as established in the International Standard for Laboratories (ISL).
As it relates to scientific research proposals, funding was approved for a total of 18 recommended projects. Of those, 14 projects are to be supported by the 2018 grant research budget (USD 1,203,450) and four projects will be covered by the IOC/Governments special research fund (USD 527,000).
In addition, the meeting approved a minor modification to the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemption (ISTUE), which will come into force on 1 January 2019, and approved the Technical Document for Athlete Passport Management Units (TD-APMU), which will come into force on 1 March 2019.
While the above outlines the key decisions of the day, it should be noted that WADA Director General (DG) Olivier Niggli opened the meeting by providing updates on a range of topics, including the ongoing work of WADA’s Governance Working Group, which will report to the Foundation Board at its next meeting in November.
The DG also presented an extensive document, which outlined an analysis of the main issues encountered in the Russian doping crisis, and a summary of the actions that WADA has taken in light of the issues that have led to a strengthened WADA and global anti-doping system. The ExCo supported WADA Management’s proposal that the Agency would now revisit its 2015-19 Strategic and Operational Plan.
The 12-member ExCo is WADA's ultimate policy-making body, which is composed equally of representatives from the Olympic Movement and Governments.
The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is pleased to publish their latest education tool entitled Parents’ Guide to Support Clean Sport. Specifically designed for parents of athletes, this education resource is intended to inform them about essential topics so that they can assist with clean athlete development by preventing the use of substances and methods prohibited in sport. The short booklet covers basic facts and includes links to websites with further information for parents on the following topics:
- Promoting good values
- Identifying a healthy sport culture
- Finding balance
- The risks of supplements
- Doping risk factors
- Periods when athletes are more vulnerable to doping
- Preventing the use of prohibited substances
- Protecting the clean athlete – the doping control process
- Recognizing possible signs and symptoms of drug use
- What to do if your child is doping
“Generally, the athlete-parent relationship is the only one that is a constant throughout an athlete’s career, regardless of the level of involvement or influence of the parent,” said Rob Koehler, WADA Deputy Director General and Director of Education. “Coaches and support personnel come and go, so athletes, particularly younger athletes, commonly look to their parents as the first point of contact on many matters,” Koehler continued. “Parents need to constantly monitor their child’s environment to identify potential risk factors,” he said. “This tool will be a starting point to equip parents with the right information about clean sport and anti-doping. The booklet now being published by WADA provides this information and acts as a reference point for further learning.” Current social science research highlights parents as particularly influential persons in young athlete populations. Parents shape their children’s personal ethics, which then guides their behaviors and their approach to sport throughout their career. Research also shows that parents, as a group, lack knowledge of anti-doping, which is why it is important that they be prioritized with targeted anti-doping education, providing them with the information they need to help guide their children*. The Parents’ Guide to Support Clean Sport is available in online and print versions, in English, French and Spanish in the Education section of the WADA website: https://www.wada-ama.org/en/education-tools. *Erickson, K. Backhouse, S.H., & Carless, D. Doping in Sport: Do Parents Matter? Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology. Vol 6(2), May 2017, 115-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/spy0000081
Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is partnering with the Anti-Doping Agency of Kenya (ADAK) and the newly-formed Athletics Integrity Unit (AIU) to deliver the latest installment of its Legacy Outreach Program, during the IAAF Junior World Championships in Nairobi, Kenya from 12 – 17 July. The Agency’s Legacy Outreach Program, which is delivered during major international sports events, provides additional support to Anti-Doping Organizations (ADOs) in developing and delivering sustainable anti-doping awareness programs. This partnership will raise awareness and promote clean sport to a generation of young athletes, while leaving behind an array of resources for ADAK to use again in the future. “WADA is pleased to partner with ADAK and the Athletics Integrity Unit to bring the Legacy Outreach Program to young athletes in Nairobi, Kenya,” said Olivier Niggli, Director General, WADA. “The Program has proven to be a great way to work hand in hand with our partners in creating global awareness of anti-doping with athletes and their entourage,” Niggli continued. “By working together and creating resources that can be leveraged time and time again, WADA’s investment has a lasting and meaningful impact,” he continued. “Along with WADA, ADAK believes that raising awareness is the first step to building understanding,” said Japhter Rugut, CEO of ADAK. “WADA’s Legacy Outreach Program and the knowledge-sharing that this unique partnership brings is greatly appreciated,” Rugut added. “The resources developed by WADA for ADAK will be used for this event and many other events in Kenya, in the future,” he continued. “As a complement to values-based education, Legacy Outreach is one of the best ways to curb doping by reaching athletes as early as possible; informing them of the many anti-doping resources at their disposal; and, informing them of the channels they have to voice concerns regarding any doping that may exist within their teams or federations.” “The AIU is pleased to partner with WADA and ADAK at one of the IAAF’s biggest events for youth,” said David Howman, Chair of the AIU. “At this early stage in their athletic careers, athletes must be fully empowered to know their rights and responsibilities and we are pleased to play our part in this regard.” The Legacy Outreach team, which is made up of members from ADAK, AIU and WADA, will be led by athlete ambassadors Tegla Loroupe and Paula Radcliffe. Loroupe, who is a member of WADA’s Athlete Committee, is probably best known as the first African female to win the New York Marathon; and as having led the Refugee Team at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games. Radcliffe, a member of the IAAF’s Athlete Committee, currently holds the world record in the marathon. Both athletes are vocal supporters of the clean sport movement and have firsthand knowledge of the pressures surrounding doping in sport. The Outreach team will invite athletes, coaches and other support staff to take part in fun and educational activities. They will be encouraged to complete the Play True Quiz, which is now available in 39 languages, to sign the Clean Sport Pledge and to share their thoughts on social media using the hashtag #CleanSport. On behalf of the Athletics Integrity Unit (AIU), Paula Radcliffe will encourage athletes to sign the AIU’s Athletes’ Pledge, through which competitors can demonstrate their commitment to clean athletics.
An introduction and overview on Anti-Doping.
What is Doping
According to the CPISRA Anti Doping Rules compliant to WADA Code, Doping is defined as:
- Presence of a prohibited Substance or its metabolites or markets , as defined in the WADA Prohibited List in an athlete’s bodily specimen, except when in agreement with a TUE granted for the particular substance.
- Use or attempted use of a Prohibited Substance or Methods.
- Tampering or attempting to temper with any part of Doping Control.
- Violation of applicable requirements regarding Athlete availability for Out-of-Competition Testing for RTP (Registered Testing Pool) athletes.
- Possession or trafficking of Prohibited Substances and Methods.
- Administration or attempted administration of a Prohibited Substance or Method to any athlete , or assisting ,encouraging ,aiding , abetting , covering up or any other type of complicity involving an anti-doping rule.
- Administration or Attempted Administration to any Athlete In-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method, or Administration or Attempted Administration to any Athlete Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or any Prohibited Method that is Prohibited Out-of-Competition
–Complicity : Assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation.
–Prohibited Association : Association by an Athlete or other Person subject to the authority of an Anti-Doping Organization in a professional or sport-related capacity with any ineligible Athlete / Support Person because of an Anti-Doping rule Violation or equivalent case.
Why is Doping Prohibited
The sports regulations prohibit Doping. Any violation of this rules, be it voluntary or not, constitutes a failure to respect the principle of equal opportunities and, therefore, a disrespect of the sports ethics.
Moreover, the consumption of substances which improve performances can put health in danger. The athlete who has resort to Doping doesn’t harm only himself but he also negatively affects sports as a whole.
What are the tasks of the CPISRA Anti-Doping Committee
In 2005, CPISRA constituted a Committee for the fight against Doping charged of the execution of controls and the surveillance of the tests. This committee is responsible for education of CP athletes concerning anti doping, for the conception and the respect of the anti doping rules, for the diffusion of the Prohibited list , for the formation and perfection of the controllers and also the provision information and advice. Its activities are defined through the Anti Doping Committee Statue.
What about medicines provided on order?
The athlete who must follow a treatment should draw the attention of his/her physician and/or pharmacist to the list of the relevant Doping substances.
If he/she obtains medicines from abroad, he/she must take care of their composition which is mentioned on the note devoted to the patients. The ideal would be to carry away his/her own medicines.
Each athlete should establish, with the help of his/her physician or pharmacist, a personal list of the medicines that he can consume in case of illness- personal medication notebook, this would prevent him from absorbing prohibited substances involuntarily.
The Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)
A TUE may be granted to an Athlete permitting the use of Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Methods as defined by the Prohibited List for the following reasons:
-The Athlete would experience a significant impairment to health if the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method would produce no additional enhancement of performance other than that which might be anticipated by a return to a state of usual health following the treatment of a legitimate medical condition.
-There is no reasonable therapeutic alternative to the Use of the otherwise Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.
-The necessity for the Use of the otherwise Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method cannot be a consequence , wholly or in part , of the prior non –therapeutic Use of substances from the Prohibited List.
How long do the medicines remain detectable in urine?
What is an anti-doping control?
An anti-doping control consists in analyzing, by accredited laboratories, the urine or blood withdrawals of selected athletes in order to track down the prohibited substances. The discovery of such substances results in tacking disciplinary measures against the athlete. Anti-doping control assures the respect of equal opportunities in competition.
Who is submitted to the controls
Who is responsible for anti-doping controls?
Who is in charge of controls?
During the controls, what about disabled athletes?
What does it occur to urine (or blood) withdrawals?
Are the sample of urine (or blood) safe from manipulation?
Are the tests unfailing?
What happens when the result of controls it is negative?
What happens when the result of controls is positive?
The results of Out of competition testing are announced directly by the CPISRA Anti Doping Committee to the athlete.
The athlete can ask in writing for an analysis of the sample B. He has the right to attend this analysis accompanied by an expert and /or a trustworthy person. If the result is negative, the control is declared negative. On the other hand, if the result confirms the one gotten from sample A, the control is declared positive.
The possible sanctions are decided according the CPISRA anti doping rules and applied by the federation of the relevant athlete. Before, the athlete has the right to express himself and to have knowledge of the file. The case must remain confidential until the first instance decision.
It is possible to protest a first instance decision. The protest can be forwarded to an unbiased arbitration court, like WADA and Sport Arbitrary Tribunal in Lausanne.