Researchers from University of Gloucestershire are currently conducting a study to understand some of the main factors, which can affect RaceRunning performance. Despite the growth of RaceRunning on the international para-athletic scene and the sport featuring at the World Para Athletics European Championships in Berlin (2018), there is a scarcity of research about how to improve RaceRunning performance. The team are looking at a range of physiological variables (cardiovascular capacity, joint range of motion, strength and power) and technical factors (foot strike pattern, body position) to see what affects RaceRunning performance. Once it is known, which of these factors contribute the most to RaceRunning speed, coaches can begin to tailor their programmes more specifically so their athletes can work on the most important elements in their training.
Researchers from Queen Margaret’s University, Edinburgh, University of Gloucestershire and Brunel University, London, were recently awarded an Action Medical Research grant to investigate the feasibility of carrying out a larger study looking at the effects of RaceRunning on the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes and mobility in these children moderate-to-severe cerebral palsy. Before starting a large study, it is important to find out if participants enjoy RaceRunning and are therefore likely to complete the study. Cardiometabolic risk factors and mobility will be measured at 12 and 24 weeks and these initial results will help researchers to design a larger, more comprehensive study. If RaceRunning is able to reduce the risk of heart disease and diabetes, this could have a major effect on the health of children with cerebral palsy throughout their lives. Improvements in mobility may also positively affect children’s quality of life and independence.
For more information about this grant, please go to: https://www.action.org.uk/our-research/cerebral-palsy-can-regular-exercise-improve-health-and-mobility or contact the research team: Dr Marietta Van Der Linden (MVanDerLinden@qmu.ac.uk) or Dr Nicola Theis (email@example.com).
The preliminary findings of Tessa Gallinger's Masters thesis indicated that muscle length can increase with high velocity training in individuals with CP. In some subjects there was no change in muscle length, however in those individuals Gallinger saw an optimal shift in the force-length relationship, indicating an increase in sarcomeres in series - the fundamental unit of muscle structure.
Read the full article here
The CPISRA RaceRunning classification master list has been updated in accordance with World Para Athletics memo of 17th December. Any athlete appearing on the current master list will not require to be classified prior to the 2019 WPA World Championships in Dubai.
The masters list can be found here and on the RaceRunning page on cpisra.org
Montreal, 1 January 2019 – The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) refers to its media release of 21 December 2018, which announced that a five-person WADA expert team, led by independent expert Dr. José Antonio (Toni) Pascual, had returned from its mission to Russia without having accessed the Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS) and the underlying data from the former Moscow Laboratory.
Today (1 January 2019), WADA confirms that since the Agency issued that release, no further missions to Russia have been carried out. Accordingly, the 31 December 2018 deadline – by which time the Russian authorities had to provide access to the data – has elapsed without the data having been retrieved. The deadline was one of two conditions stipulated in WADA’s 20 September Executive Committee (ExCo) decision regarding the Russian Anti-Doping Agency’s (RUSADA’s) compliance with the World Anti-Doping Code (Code).
WADA President Sir Craig Reedie said: “I am bitterly disappointed that data extraction from the former Moscow Laboratory has not been completed by the date agreed by WADA’s ExCo in September 2018. Since then, WADA has been working diligently with the Russian authorities to meet the deadline, which was clearly in the best interest of clean sport. The process agreed by WADA’s ExCo in September will now be initiated.”
In keeping with the process that was outlined by the ExCo in September 2018:
This week, Dr. Pascual’s formal mission report, along with all other relevant information and documentation, will be sent to the independent Compliance Review Committee (CRC) for consideration;
On 14-15 January 2019, the CRC will meet and review all available elements. The CRC will provide a recommendation to the WADA Executive Committee based on the applicable rules, namely the International Standard for Code Compliance by Signatories (ISCCS), which entered into force on 1 April 2018, and the Code; and
As soon as practicable thereafter, the CRC’s recommendation will be considered by the ExCo.
Under the ISCCS, if the CRC recommends non-compliance, and the ExCo agrees with it, RUSADA will have the right to challenge that assertion to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), who will hear the case and take the final decision.
WADA has now written to Russia’s Minister of Sport, Pavel Kolobkov, and the Director General of RUSADA, Yury Ganus, to officially notify them of the situation and to remind them of the next steps in the process.
Given the importance for clean sport of access to, and subsequent authentication and analysis of, the data from the former Moscow Laboratory in order to build strong cases against cheats and exonerate other athletes, WADA experts continue to be ready to proceed with extraction of the data should the issue reported upon on 21 December be resolved by the Russian authorities. WADA will update the CRC of any progress in this regard at the CRC 14-15 January 2019 meeting.
WADA also continues its work with RUSADA, including through the presence of a WADA-commissioned Independent International Expert at RUSADA’s headquarters, to ensure that proper anti-doping activities, in particular testing, are being carried out in Russia.
Montreal, 1 January 2019 – The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) announces that its 2019 List of Prohibited Substances and Methods (List), which was first published on 28 September 2018, enters into force today (1 January).
The List, which is one of six International Standards that are mandatory for all Signatories of the World Anti-Doping Code (Code), designates what substances and methods are prohibited both in- and out-of-competition, and which substances are banned in particular sports.
The List’s annual revision process is led by WADA, beginning with an initial meeting in January and concluding with the publication of the List by 1 October. This is an extensive consultation process that includes WADA’s List Expert Group gathering information, circulating a draft List among stakeholders, taking their submissions into consideration and revising the draft, followed by review by the Agency’s Health, Medical and Research (HMR) Committee.
The HMR Committee then makes its recommendation to the WADA Executive Committee, which approves the List during its September meeting.
For a substance or method to be added to the List, it must be determined that it meets two of the following three criteria:
It has the potential to enhance or enhances sport performance
It represents an actual or potential health risk to the athletes
It violates the spirit of sport
It should be noted that for athletes who have a legitimate medical reason for using a prohibited substance or method that is on the List, they may be accommodated if they meet the criteria outlined in the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ISTUE). The TUE process has overwhelming acceptance from athletes, physicians and anti-doping stakeholders worldwide.
To view the changes made in the 2019 Prohibited List as compared to the 2018 version, please see the 2019 Summary of Major Modifications and Explanatory Notes.
Languages and Formats
The 2019 Prohibited List; the 2019 Summary of Modifications and Explanatory Notes; and the 2019 Monitoring Program are available for download on WADA’s website in multiple languages.
Stakeholders wishing to translate the List into other languages are kindly asked to signal their interest to firstname.lastname@example.org. If interested, WADA would provide the necessary files and, once the translation is finalized, would make the List available on the Agency’s website.
The List’s mobile-friendly digital edition can be accessed here.
Introduction to Classification
What is classification?
Classification is defined as “grouping athletes into sport classes according to how much their impairment affects fundamental activities in each specific sport and discipline” (November 2015 IPC Athlete Classification Code, art. 2.1).
What is it purpose of classification?
Classification provides a structure for competition. Athletes competing in Para sports have an impairment that leads to a competitive disadvantage. Consequently, a system has to be put in place to minimise the impact of impairments on sport performance and to ensure the success of an athlete is determined by skill, fitness, power, endurance, tactical ability and mental focus. This system is called classification.
Is there one classification system for all sports?
No, each International Sports Federation or Para Sport must have and publish their own classification system. For example, the classification system and classes for swimming will be different for those in athletics, boccia or sailing. This is because each sport is different and, therefore, the effect of the impairment on each sport will be different.
How is it performed?
Will I be classified more than once?
At international level, an athlete will normally receive a confirmed classification after their first competition. The exceptions to this are where athletes may not have reached physical maturity or they are new to the sports and lack technical maturity in the sport.
Athletes who have a progressive condition will never receive a confirmed classification because their condition may change. These athletes may be seen by a classification panel at every international competition or they may be given a fixed review which means they will be seen by a panel at a fixed date in the future e.g. every two years.
If an athlete’s medical condition changes or they have undergone a medical procedure or operation, they can request to be re-classified if they feel their ability to perform in their sport has changed.
How do I get classified?
The best way of getting classified is to approach your national disability sport organisation, your national Paralympic Committee or the national governing body which governs your Para Sport. They will advise you on the best way forward.
I want to be a classifier, how can I become one?
To be a classifier, you need a medical background or have a technical knowledge of the specific sport or sport science. If you have such qualifications and want to get involved you should contact your National Paralympic Committee or National Governing body for the sport you are interested in. If you have any problems finding the appropriate pathway, you contact us at email@example.com.
Where can I find further information?
Further detail on the (complex) matter of classification in the Paralympic Movement is available from the IPC website: https://www.paralympic.org/classification.